cicero de oratore 1 150 ff übersetzung

Drei Bücher vom Redner. Such proceedings Rutilius severely condemned, and said banishment, or even death, was more eligible than such meanness. [248] And as to myself, to whom alone you allow the power of managing cases satisfactorily, without any knowledge of law, I make you, Crassus, this answer: that I never learned the civil law, nor was ever at a loss for the want of knowledge in it, in those cases which I was able to defend in the courts. [207] "I request of you then, Antonius," said Crassus, "since this task is put upon men of our time of life by the studious inclinations of these youths, to deliver your sentiments upon these subjects which, you see, are required from you. For I confess that the orator should be a knowing man, not quite a beginner or novice in any subject, not utterly ignorant or inexperienced in any business of life. Cicero warns the speaker of the Attic Plain style against the use of these three figures (and of Isocolon, Orator 25.   |   We do not go ad locum, unde praesentes rem et fines inspicere possimus. Leucippe et Clitophon. B. The trial, therefore, was attended with abundance of mirth and pleasantry; but of what service your knowledge of the civil law was to you upon it, I do not understand; your great power in speaking, united with the utmost humour and grace, certainly was of great service. 2, 8; Legg. Pages: 138. {58.} This custom continued to the time of Augustus without interruption, who selected particular lawyers, and gave them the sanction of a patent; but then grew into desuetude, till Hadrian renewed this office or grant, which made so considerable a branch of the Roman law. (41)   There is no proper grammatical construction in this sentence. 10. M. TVLLI CICERONIS DE ORATORE AD QVINTVM FRATREM LIBER TERTIVS 1 ... [150] In propriis igitur est [verbis] illa laus oratoris, ut abiecta atque obsoleta fugiat, lectis atque inlustribus utatur, in quibus plenum quiddam et sonans inesse videatur. 0. (8)   Tanquam aliqua materies. Cicero De Oratore (55 B.C.) (4)   It appears from Quintilian and Juvenal, that this was a Roman custom as well as Greek, under the emperors; they are also mentioned by Ulpian. I should say that he deserves it who is learned in the laws, and that general usage ** which private persons observe in their intercourse in the community, who can give an answer on any point, can plead, and can take precautions for the interests of his client; and I should name Sextus Aelius, Manius Manilius, Publius Mucius, as distinguished in those respects. Cicero's De Oratore is a treatise on rhetoric in dialogue form written in 55 BCE. The Verrine Orations 8 copies. 1 section, 1 paragraphs, 2627 words. As Galba, therefore, laboured under the ill-opinion and dislike of the people, Rutilius said that he owed his deliverance to such tragic tricks as these; and I see it is also recorded in Cato's book, that if he had not employed children and tears, he would have suffered. 1121. It includes discussions on the nature and range of oratory, the requirements of the orator and practical recommendations concerning winning favor with the audience, the use of wit and style. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. De oratore - … 56; Acad. Cicero defends himself by the example of their 'god Plato,' as he calls him, in his book De Republica; where the scene being laid in the house of an old gentleman, Cephalus, the old man, after bearing a part in the first conversation, excuses himself, saying, that he must go to prayers, and returns no more, Plato not thinking it suitable to his age to be detained in the company through so long a discourse. Strobaeus. Quam ob rem in istis ipsis exercitationibus, etsi utile est etiam subito saepe dicere, tamen illud utilius, sumpto spatio ad cogitandum paratius atque accuratius dicere. de Oratore by Cicero and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at Cicero: De Oratore, Book 3 (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics) 8 copies. For what is more noble than for an old man, who has held the highest honours and offices of the state, to be able justly to say for himself, that which the Pythian Apollo says in Ennius, that he is the person from whom, if not nations and kings, yet all his fellow-citizens, solicit advice, Select Orations of Cicero 8 copies, 1 review. iii. Download with Google Download with Facebook. **, {47.} ", 'Hanc ipsam' inquit Sulpicius 'nosse volumus; ac tamen ista, quae abs te breviter de arte decursa sunt, audire cupimus, quamquam sunt nobis quoque non inaudita; verum illa mox; nunc de ipsa exercitatione quid sentias quaerimus. What did he explain in his speech that was unintelligible to the unlearned? [208] But I will enter upon what you desire the more boldly, as I hope the same thing will happen to me in this discussion as usually happens to me at the bar, that no flowers of rhetoric will be expected from me. For I am not going to speak about art, which I never learned, but about my own practice; and those very particulars which I have entered in my common-place book are of this kind, ** not expressed with anything like learning, but just as they are treated in business and pleadings; and if they do not meet with approbation from men of your extensive knowledge, you must blame your own unreasonableness, in requiring from me what I do not know; and you must praise my affability, since I make no difficulty in answering your questions, being induced, not by my own judgment, but your earnest desire." See Suetonius, de Ill. Gramm. [191] In the meantime, while what is unconnected is being combined, a person may, even by gathering here and there, and collecting from all parts, be furnished with a competent knowledge of the civil law. Translated by John Harington. This paper. Cokayne, G E 1887–98 … B. Huius ignoratione non modo in vita, sed saepissime et in poematis et in oratione peccatur. Cicero 1562 The Booke of Freendeship of Marcus Tullie Cicero. Servilia (gens) Cicero, de oratore 1.255 Cicero, pro Cluentio 140 Tacitus, Ann. [241] L   "But cases which are of such a kind, that there can be no doubt of the law relative to them, do not usually come to be tried at all. But Galba, referring to a variety and multiplicity of matters, adduced abundance of similar cases, and used many arguments for equity against the strict letter of law; while Crassus, as he could not maintain his ground in the debate, (for, though he was numbered among the eloquent, he was by no means equal to Galba,) had recourse to authorities, and showed what he had asserted in the books of his brother Publius Mucius, ** and in the commentaries of Sextus Aelius; though he allowed, at the same time, that Galba's arguments had appeared to him plausible, and almost true. "Is the knowledge of the civil law, then, of no advantage to the orator? Gell. De oratore 1, 29-48 (übersetzt von Kerstin Wastl) Ciceros Werk ‚De oratore’, das er 55 v. Chr. It is set in 91 BC, when Lucius Licinius Crassus dies, just before the Social War and the civil war between Marius and Sulla, during which Marcus Antonius (orator), the other great orator of this dialogue, dies. 'Though we be much occupied, yet we can visit our farms.'. [234] L   "In bestowing such warm approbation on the civil law, Crassus, I see what was your motive; when you were speaking, I did not see it. Unless we are to suppose, indeed, (I would wish to make the observation without offending this excellent man Scaevola,) that you, Crassus, defended the case of Manius Curius out of the writings and rules of your father-in-law. [253] Those eminent Greek orators, therefore, as they are unskilled in the law themselves, have, in their lawsuits, men acquainted with the law to assist them, who are, as you before observed, called pragmatici. Intuendi nobis sunt non solum oratores, sed etiam actores, ne mala consuetudine ad aliquam deformitatem pravitatemque veniamus. When Antonius had concluded these observations, Sulpicius and Cotta appeared to be in doubt whose discourse of the two seemed to approach nearer to the truth. Haec sunt, quae clamores et admirationes in bonis oratoribus efficiunt; neque ea quisquam, nisi diu multumque scriptitarit, etiam si vehementissime se in his subitis dictionibus exercuerit, consequetur; et qui a scribendi consuetudine ad dicendum venit, hanc adfert facultatem, ut, etiam subito si dicat, tamen illa, quae dicantur, similia scriptorum esse videantur; atque etiam, si quando in dicendo scriptum attulerit aliquid, cum ab eo discesserit, reliqua similis oratio consequetur; Das ist das, was lauten Beifall und Bewunderung der Redner hervorruft, und niemand wird dies erreichen, wenn er nicht lange und viel geschrieben hat, mag er sich auch noch so eifrig in diesen Reden aus dem Stegreif geübt haben. ** 'Deliver us from these miseries, deliver us from the jaws of those whose cruelty cannot be satiated even with blood; suffer us not to be slaves to any but yourselves as a people, whom we both can and ought to serve.' Gell. Proust. 0. (1 word) Other (3,479 words) Documents: Frank Frost Abbott. in 1 vol. [265] And Scaevola, since he has arranged to go to his own Tusculan home, ** will now rest a little till the heat is abated; and let us also, as the day is so far advanced, consult our health." Übersetzt und erklärt von Raphael Kühner. [239] I ask, then, how in these cases a knowledge of the law could have aided the orator, when that lawyer must have had the superiority, who was supported, not by his own, but a foreign art, not by knowledge of the law, but by eloquence? Educenda deinde dictio est ex hac domestica exercitatione et umbratili medium in agmen, in pulverem, in clamorem, in castra atque in aciem forensem; subeundus visus hominum et periclitandae vires ingeni, et illa commentatio inclusa in veritatis lucem proferenda est. Cicero, Orator 44.150, and De Oratore 3. Literature. 0. 17. Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero. 12, also justifies the full use of ornamentation in epideictic. [246] L   "As to the indolence of which you accuse our youth, for not learning that science, because, in the first place, it is very easy, (how easy it is, let them consider who strut about before us, presuming on their knowledge of the science, as if it were extremely difficult; and do you yourself also consider that point, who say, that it is an easy science, which you admit as yet to be no science at all, but say that if somebody shall ever learn some other science, so as to be able to make this a science, it will then be a science;) and because, in the next place, it is full of pleasure, (but as to that matter, every one is willing to leave the pleasure to yourself, and is content to be without it, for there is not one of the young men who would not rather, if he must get anything by heart, learn the 'Teucer' of Pacuvius than the Manilian laws ** on buying and selling;) [247] and, in the third place, because you think, that, from love to our country, we ought to acquire a knowledge of the practices of our ancestors; do you not perceive that the old laws are either grown out of date from their very antiquity, or are set aside by such as are new? (26)   When a person, in the presence of five witnesses and a libripens, assigned his property to somebody as his heir. Although (since we take so many points of comparison with the orator from one sort of artist) Roscius, whom we mentioned before, is accustomed to say, that, as age advances upon him, he will make the measures of the flute-player slower, and the notes softer. Beitrag Verfasst: 28.05.2006, 10:41 . (42)   In Iure. I cannot deny that every kind of knowledge is of advantage, especially to him whose eloquence ought to be adorned with variety of matter; but the things which are absolutely necessary to an orator are numerous, important, and difficult, so that I would not distract his industry among too many studies. Him I call an orator, and would have him besides accomplished in delivery and action, and with a certain degree of wit. Cicero's Letters to Atticus: Volume III (Cambridge Classical Texts and… 8 copies. Lucret. or. Rudolf Hercher. Description: The Classical Review publishes informative reviews from leading scholars on new work covering the literatures and civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome. E. W. Sutton. Publication date 1875 Topics Oratory, Ancient Publisher New York : Harper & Brothers Collection kellylibrary; toronto Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor Kelly - University of Toronto Language English. Quint, xii. In the next, as you had spent much pains and labour in the acquisition of it, (since you had in your own house one ** who encouraged and instructed you in that study,) you were afraid that you might lose the fruit of your industry, if you did not magnify the science by your eloquence. Google Scholar. (32)   Herctum cieri--herciscundae familiae.   |   06.06.19 [244] Even Mucius himself, the defender of the father's right, who fought as it were for his own patrimony, what argument did he propose in the case, when he spoke against you, that appeared to be drawn from the civil law? Google Scholar. A definition is a short and concise specification of whatever properly belongs to the thing which we would define. Quintus Servilius Caepio (consul 106 BC) (769 words) case mismatch in snippet view article daughter of Quintus Caecilius Metellus Macedonicus. Cicero himself promises in de fin. But under the emperors there was not the same encouragement for these great men to study that science; the orators, therefore, fell of necessity into the Greek custom. [231] L   "Thus a Roman, of consular dignity, imitated the illustrious Socrates of old, who, as he was a man of the greatest wisdom and had lived in the utmost integrity, spoke for himself, when on trial for his life, in such a manner as not to seem a suppliant or prisoner, but the lord and master of his judges. [263] Crassus then said, "You make our orator a mere mechanic, Antonius, but I am not certain whether you are not really of another opinion, and whether you are not practising upon us your wonderful skill in refutation, in which no one was ever your superior; a talent of which the exercise belongs properly to orators, but has now become common among philosophers, especially those who are accustomed to speak fully and fluently on both sides of any question proposed. {53.} Significant quotes in Cicero's De Oratore with explanations. Brut. Marcus Tullius Cicero, De Divinatione, De Oratore, In Catilinam, Pro Balbo, Pro Cluentio, Pro Quinctio, Rhetorica ad Herennium (attributed). Many copies omit the negative, an omission approved by Ernesti, Henrichsen, and Ellendt. Servilia (gens) Cicero, de oratore 1.255 Cicero, pro Cluentio 140 Tacitus, Ann. Exercenda est etiam memoria ediscendis ad verbum quam plurimis et nostris scriptis et alienis; atque in ea exercitatione non sane mihi displicet adhibere, si consueris, etiam istam locorum simulacrorumque rationem, quae in arte traditur. 21. Cicero on Tropes ately in an archaizing law; (3) effari occurs in De dom.14:1, suffably used in an emotional passage and referring to reUgious utterances, and also in his philosophical works: so De leg.2.20 and 21, both in archaizing laws, De rep.5.1, of Ennius uttering a verse as if from an oracle, and in three examples in Acad.2.95-7. Ernesti. Ellendt thinks the common reading right, requiring only that we should understand a commonstrantibus. (36)   The Crassus here mentioned was Publius Crassus Dives, brother of Publius Mucius, Pontifex Maximus. of which we may learn the chief points without regular study, and which is also unlike those other matters in this respect, that power of voice and gesture cannot be got suddenly, or caught up from another person, but a knowledge of the law, as far as it is useful in any case, may be gained on the shortest possible notice, either from learned men or from books. Inspector. … 0. [204] L   "To me," remarked Scaevola, "enough appears to have been said by you, and more than enough, to stimulate the efforts of these young men, if they are but studiously inclined; for as they say that the illustrious Socrates used to observe that his object was attained if any one was by his exhortations sufficiently incited to desire to know and understand virtue; (since to those who were persuaded to desire nothing so much as to become good men, what remained to be learned was easy;) so I consider that if you wish to penetrate into those subjects which Crassus has set before you in his remarks, you will, with the greatest ease, arrive at your object, after this course and gate has been opened to you." Particulars are included under the general heads from which they spring. Somit wurde der "Orator " über Jahrhunderte ein Lehrwerk der Rhetorik allgemein. For aliquam Manutius conjectured illam, which Lambinus, Ernesti, and Mueller approve. For in controversiis Lanibinus and Ernesti would read, from a correction in an old copy, incontroversi; but as there is no authority for this word, Ellendt, with Bakius, prefers non controversi. Hierbei muss man sorgfältig darauf achten, wen wir nachahmen, wem wir ähnlich sein wollen. In the Phaidros the essence of rhetoric is given as 'ljJ1JxaywyLa (261 a 8; 271 c 10). [235] But I have no dispute with the science; let it be of as much consequence as you represent it; for without doubt it is of great and extensive concern, having relation to multitudes of people, and has always been held in the highest honour; and our most eminent citizens have ever been, and are still, at the head of the profession of it; but take care, Crassus, lest, while you strive to adorn the knowledge of the civil law with new and foreign ornaments, you spoil and denude her of what is granted and accorded to her as her own. (19)   Most copies have aget; Pearce, with the minority, prefers agit. c. 51; Quint. [237] L   "But as to your wonder at the effrontery of those advocates who, though they were ignorant of small things, profess great ones, or who ventured, in the management of cases, to treat of the most important points in the civil law, though they neither understood nor had ever learned them, the defence on both charges is easy and ready. Denn wenn vor einer aus dem Stegreif gehaltenen und durch Zufall veranlassten Rede eine mit Überlegung und Nachdenken ausgearbeitete Rede leicht den Vorzug hat, so wird in der Tat selbst vor dieser eine mit Sorgfalt schriftlich abgefasste Rede den Vorrang haben. 0.  Si quater egisti, si contigit aureus unus,   "I will go on, then," said Antonius, "and will do what I think ought to be done in all discussions at the commencement; I mean, that the subject, whatever it may be, on which the discussion is held, should be defined; so that the discourse may not be forced to wander and stray from its course, from the disputants not having the same notion of the matter under debate.  Citae Metium in diversa quadrigae   Thus the lawyer is, of himself, nothing with you but a sort of wary and acute legalist, an instructor in actions, ** a repeater of formulae, a catcher at syllables; but because the orator has frequent occasion for the aid of the law in his pleadings, you have of necessity joined legal knowledge to eloquence as a handmaid and attendant. v. Mühl, Klaus, M.Tullius Cicero: The Lost and Unpublished Orations, Historisches und Oratorisches zur ersten Catilinaria (Cicero), Primmer, Adolf: Historisches und Oratorisches zur ersten Catilinaria, Orator. (43)   I translate the conclusion of this sentence in conformity with the text of Orellius, who puts tamen at the end of it, instead of letting it stand at the beginning of the next sentence, as is the case in other editions. The gens Publicia, occasionally found as Poblicia or Poplicia, was a plebeian family at ancient Rome. For it is not at all surprising that he who is ignorant in what form of words a contract of marriage is made, should be able to defend the case of a woman who has formed such a contract; nor, though the same skill in steering is requisite for a small as for a large vessel, is he therefore, who is ignorant of the form of words by which an estate is to be divided, incapable of pleading a case relative to the division of an estate. Nep. ', Gründlich muss man das bürgerliche Recht erlernen, sich mit den Gesetzen bekannt machen, das ganze Altertum erforschen, vom Gewohnheitsrecht des Senats, von der Verfassung des Staates, von den Rechten der Bundesgenossen, von den Bündnissen und Verträgen und von allem, worauf die Wohlfahrt des Staates beruht, sich Kunde verschaffen und aus dem ganzen Umfang der feinen Bildung gefällige, anmutige und sinnreiche Witzworte sammeln, mit denen, wie mit Salz, der ganze Vortrag durchwürzt werde. Cicero de oratore 2.9.36; vgl. Od. Hierauf hielt ich es für zweckmäßig – und dieses Verfahren wandte ich in der reiferen Jugend an –, griechische Reden der größten Redner in freier Übersetzung wiederzugeben. Proust. [186] It is, indeed, for certain reasons, thought otherwise by most people, first, because those of old, who were at the head of this science, would not, for the sake of securing and extending their own influence, allow their art to be made public; in the next place, when it was published, the forms of actions at law being first set forth by Gnaeus Flavius, there were none who could compose a general system of those matters arranged under regular heads. His interpretation is, invisere saltem. and of placing the wisdom of our own fellow-country-men above that of the Greeks in all departments; while Antonius held that his speeches would be the more acceptable to a nation like ours, if it were thought that be had never engaged in study at all. M. TVLLI CICERONIS DE ORATORE Liber Primus: Liber Secundus: Liber Tertius. (49)   Ernesti supposes him to be Gaius Cassius Longinus, who is mentioned by Cicero, pro Planco, c. 24. [249] May not every one of us go over our farms, or inspect our country affairs, for the sake of profit or delight at least? [198] L   "And who does not know what an accession of honour, popularity, and dignity, such knowledge, even of itself, brings with it to those who are eminent in it? (44)   He wrote eight-and-twenty books on country affairs in the Punic language, which were translated into Latin, by order of the senate, by Cassius Dionysius of Utica. [187] I perceive that, from desire to express this briefly, I have expressed it rather obscurely; but I will make an effort to explain myself, if possible, with more clarity. De natura deorum was not the first text by Cicero they published (their first Cicero imprint was De Oratore, which is also the first book printed in Italy that is still extant), but it is a token to the popularity of the work with schools and humanists that they included it amongst their publications. The latter was the first to print the Greek words in Greek type. 1 section, 2 paragraphs, 2103 words. This was a game played with counters on a board, moved according to throws of the dice, but different from our backgammon. Mucia gens College of Pontiffs Cicero Brutus 145, 150, 161, De Oratore 1.180 Tuori, Kaius. He was a perfect Stoic. For, whether any person is attracted by the study of antiquity, ** there is, in every part of the civil law, in the pontifical books, and in the Twelve Tables, abundance of instruction as to ancient matters, since not only the original sense of words is thence understood, but certain kinds of law proceedings illustrate the customs and lives of our ancestors; or if he has a view to the science of government (which Scaevola judges not to belong to the orator, but to science of another sort), he will find it all comprised in the Twelve Tables, every advantage of civil government, and every part of it being there described; or if authoritative and vaunting philosophy delight him, (I will speak very boldly,) he will find there the sources of all the philosophers' disputations, which lie in civil laws and enactments; [194] for from these we perceive that virtue is above all things desirable, since honest, just, and conscientious industry is ennobled with honours, rewards, and distinctions; but the vices and frauds of mankind are punished by fines, ignominy, imprisonment, stripes, banishment, and death; and we are taught, not by disputations endless and full of discord, but by the authority and mandate of the laws, to hold our appetites in subjection, to restrain all our passions, to defend our own property, and to keep our thoughts, eyes, and hands, from that of others. Does any one claim an inheritance under a will, which the father of a family made before he had a son born? Auvray-Assayas, C. Cicéron. Der Autor fingiert ein Treffen, das im Jahr 91 v. Chr. Create a free account to download. Doch hiervon bald nachher; für jetzt ersuchen wir dich um deine Ansicht über diese Vorübung.". Ernesti. Buch/Stelle Link; kompl: schon 6777 mal geklickt: 1, 137-141: schon 6743 mal geklickt: 1, 142-144: schon 6729 mal geklickt: 1, 30-34: schon 6744 mal geklickt: Lesen mit Felix 1. Tat.] ** [238] For though you appealed to cases of great consequence, pleaded before the centumviri, that turned upon points of law, what case was there amongst; them all, which could not have been ably pleaded by an eloquent man unacquainted with law? As, therefore, among the Greeks, men of the lowest rank, induced by a trifling reward, offer themselves as assistants to the pleaders on trials (men who are by them called pragmatici ), ** so in our city, on the contrary, every personage of the most eminent rank and character, such as that Aelius Sextus, ** who, for his knowledge in the civil law, was called by our great poet {Ennius}, {57.} 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. Dr. Taylor, in his History of the Roman Law, p. 62, has given us the heads of the Roman Ius publicum, which were: religion and divine worship; peace and war legislation; exchequer and res fisci; escheats; the prerogative; law of treasons; taxes and imposts; coinage; jurisdiction; magistracies; regalia; embassies; honours and titles; colleges, schools, corporations; castles and fortifications; fairs, mercats, staple; forests; naturalization. Orat. Cicero, De Oratore - Book 1 , 96-184 . [252] But if we must not employ ourselves upon gesture, which is of great service to the orator, or upon the culture of the voice, which alone is a great recommendation and support of eloquence; and if we can only improve in either, in proportion to the leisure afforded us in this field of daily business; how much less must we apply to the occupation of learning the civil law? In consequence, he also was condemned, not only by the first votes, by which the judges only decided whether they should acquit or condemn, but also by those which, in conformity with the laws, they were obliged to give afterwards. {56.} Its spirit, customs, and discipline ought to be our first objects of study, both because our country is the parent of us all, and because as much wisdom must be thought to have been employed in framing such laws, as in establishing so vast and powerful an empire. 'Equidem probo ista,' Crassus inquit 'quae vos facere soletis, ut, causa aliqua posita consimili causarum earum, quae in forum deferuntur, dicatis quam maxime ad veritatem accommodate; sed plerique in hoc vocem modo, neque eam scienter, et viris exercent suas et linguae celeritatem incitant verborumque frequentia delectantur; in quo fallit eos, quod audierunt, dicendo homines, ut dicant, efficere solere; "Fürwahr, ich billige das", sagte Crassus, "was ihr zu tun pflegt, dass ihr über irgendeinen angenommenen Fall, der den Verhandlungen ganz ähnlich ist, die in den Gerichten vorkommen, soviel als möglich in derselben Weise, als wenn ein wirklicher Fall verhandelt würde, redet; aber gar viele üben hierbei nur ihre Stimme, und auch diese nicht verständig, und ihre Lunge und regen die Schnelligkeit der Zunge an und freuen sich an einer großen Menge von Worten. Iam vocis et spiritus et totius corporis et ipsius linguae motus et exercitationes non tam artis indigent quam laboris; quibus in rebus habenda est ratio diligenter, quos imitemur, quorum similes velimus esse. In seiner Schrift "Orator" entwickelt Cicero das Bild eines allseitig gebildeten Redners, der - entsprechend den wechselnden Anlässen - alle Stilgattungen der Rede beherrscht. Manutius. Trans. Click on the L symbols to go to the Latin text of each section. Home; Library; Cicero; Philosophia; De Oratore; De Oratore III ; 1 section, 2 paragraphs, 2895 words. perdiscendum ius civile, cognoscendae leges, percipienda omnis antiquitas, senatoria consuetudo, disciplina rei publicae, iura sociorum, foedera, pactiones, causa imperi cognoscenda est; libandus est etiam ex omni genere urbanitatis facetiarum quidam lepos, quo tamquam sale perspergatur omnis oratio. Co-heirs, when an estate descended amongst them, were, by the Roman law, bound to each other by the action familiae herciscundae; that is, to divide the whole family inheritance, and settle all the accounts which related to it. Cicero, Pro C. Rabirio Postumo, 7. vere enim etiam illud dicitur, perverse dicere homines perverse dicendo facillime consequi.

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